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RedCat888

Wha-? Who are you!?! Get outta here!​

Oh wait, it's you, I thought you were the imposta. Well, sorry for that, I have a tendency to scream when I'm frightened. Who am I? I'm just a 13 (almost 14) year old kid, that loves messing around with tech, and playing some games!

I'm a hardcore PC enthusiast, and while I haven't built a PC, I will, one day, maybe, I hope, I dunno. I have disassembled quite a few PCs, and have a couple parts lying (help me with grammar plz) around the place, let me list them; 160 GB WD caviar blue 5400RPM hard drive, 2*2 GB DDR3 sodimm laptop RAM, random laptop fan, N-series Celeron something, weird desktop motherboard (no idea what it is), and 1 SATA 3 cable.

I love trying out new peripherals, my first mouse & keyboard was the MK450 Mouse and keyboard bundle, a bundle that my dad purchased as a gift for me, the media keys and plastic wrist rest were nice, but the mouse didn't feel nice and since I was getting into PC gaming I wanted another mouse.

I got the Signo Esport Kraken gaming mouse after keeping the KM450 mouse for about 4 months, the Kraken is a 158 gram mouse that has side buttons and a terrible cable, but it was for $7 so I couldn't complain a lot, the sensor had a slight improvement but the almost double weight slew me down and it was shaped as an eggshell, I also changed the keyboard out to an iHome IH-K301, I switched it out because it felt waay better even though it was a membrane, but I lost the media keys and wrist wrest.

I kept the Kraken mouse for about 2 months before getting irritated by the shape and ordered another mouse called the Signo Esport Carina mouse, this one I kept for a long while, it was 158 grams but sooo much more comfortable and ergonomic, also I should mention that all these mice have a mechanical switch which is way to loud and uncomfortable to click multiple times (except for the MK450 mouse), I loved my mouse (Carina) but I wanted to get a lighter mouse so I could go brrrr with flick shots in games, I set a budget of $35 and set out on a hunt for a good light mouse. After watching a bunch of lightweight budget mice videos, I decided on the Razer Viper mini. Once it arrived, I held the box in my hand and started to worry, it was so light (the box) that I thought that it was empty, after opening it, I realized that the mouse was in there safe and secure. Phew. I love the mouse, the Sensor has pinpoint accuracy, and it is sooo light, the second I loaded into a game, I felt the difference, I was able to flick easily, and destroy players. Ok that last part was a joke, I'm pretty bad, but I know it's because I don't have a lot of gAmErIsH rGb lIgHtS!

I recently upgraded my keyboard to an EVGA Z10 with Kailh brown switches, I chose Brown's over Reds and Blues because I type and play a lot, Red's are kind of awkward to type on but blues are to loud and stiff to game on, so I got brown's, a good fit between the two, the LCD screen is awesome for FPS and stats, and the wrist wrest is decent enough, but the macro keys are awesome, I can have them do anything, like open a program, or do a combo in games. The Z10 also has 2 USB ports on each side, and has a volume and backlight slider, albeit they are a bit finicky.

Favorite stuff

  • CPU: Ryzen 5950X. I have the POWER
  • Cooler: ARCTIC FREEZER 420 MM AIO. So chilly here
  • Motherboard: Asus ROG Crosshair VII HERO (WIFI). The HERO just got a new Crosshair
  • RAM: idk
  • GPU: That thick Asus 3000 something GPU that I forgot the name of. 4 slot cards are really big
  • Case: Meshify 2 all the way. Really nice and sleek
  • Mouse: Razer Viper ultimate or the Razer Deathadder V2 Pro, really can't decide. Viper VS death
  • Keyboard: Corsair K100 easily. clickity clack
  • Headset: HyperX cloud II wireless. comfy
  • Monitor: Asus ROG SWIFT PG35VQ Ultrawide 1440P and 200Hz, all you ever need


The grand encyclopedia, to be honest only read it if you want the knowledge.

CPUs

CPUs stand for Central-Processing-Units. There are multiple CPU manufacturing companies, but for now I'll only be referencing the main 2, AMD and Intel.

Let's get started

Cores

Cores are the processing units within the CPU, they do what you think what you would do, they process stuff.

Threads

Work in Progress Threads are basically less powerful Cores, SMT or as Intel calls it Hyper-V is splitting 1 Core into 2 threads, why? Better performance, you can know if you have SMT enabled if you go to task manager and see that you have x amount of physical cores but double the amount of virtual Cores.

Manufacturing process

Manufacturing process is the way you make the CPU. You'll hear the term 7nm, 14Nnm, quite a lot when you start talking about the manufacturing process, if its smaller it is more efficient, takes up less space, and often uses less power, the smaller the better.

IPC

IPC stands for Instructions-Per-cycle, this is how much stuff it can do in a CPU cycle, obviously if it can do more stuff in a cycle its better.

CPU clock speed

This ties in with the IPC thing (explained before this) but I'll first tell you about Clock speeds, nowadays clock speeds are measured in GHz (Gigahertz), one GHz is 1000 MHz, and 1 MHz is 1000 KHz, 1 KHz is 1000 hertz, you get it, and 1 hertz is 1 Instruction cycle, see it's all coming together, and let's say a CPU can do 10 Instructions per cycle (probably different), if you do the math it means per GHz your PC is doing 10 BILLION instructions per second, yeah I know right.

IGPUs

Some CPUs have GPUs built into them, these are called Integrated-Graphical-Processing-Units, of course you can't fit one of those gigantic GPUs into a much smaller CPU so you have to tune down the performance and features greatly, and full sized GPUs have their own VRAM, but since an IGPU does not have enough space on the CPU itself for the VRAM, the IGPU must use the system RAM, this is why it is advised to have fast and plenty of RAM in an IGPU system, also an IGPU has much less cores compared to an ordinary GPU.

GPUs

GPUs stands for Graphical-Processing-Units. Keep in mind GPUs are a vast field of myths, research, and knowledge so I can not talk about everything, but I will cover the basics.

Stuff that GPUs have in common with CPUs

GPUs have their own Cores like CPUs and have their own independent clock speeds, as well as IPC and manufacturing processes.

CUDA cores

They are the main rendering cores of your GPU, and unlike CPUs where they have up to 64 cores (so far), there are thousands of cores in your GPU, that, well, render stuff, also quick note here; if you wonder why CPUs don't have many cores it's because CPUs need to process individual stuff very quickly, while GPUs need to render many millions of pixels at a time and at high refresh rates, and because there are so many cores they need to run at an reduced clock rate.

VRAM

Ever wondered how the GPU stores image data? Well if you did wonder about it, the image data is stored in the VRAM, and if you are running at a high resolution like 8K, 4K, and even 1440p, it is important to have more VRAM because if there is a higher resolution or high graphical settings, it means there will be more image data and hence more need for more VRAM.

RT Cores

Hmm this I don't know a lot about, but it stands for Ray-Tracing Cores. The more of these in an GPU that you have, the better the Ray-Tracing will be.

Tensor Cores

Cores designed specifically for AI, these are the cores that handle DLSS, DLSS is basically rendering the frame in a low resolution then using machine learning, you add in the extra pixels that make up the full resolution, giving you more FPS with the same resolution/settings. And of course more Cores, means more power, which means better performance.

RAM/DRAM

I find that this is an area where people often slip up in, the formula for calculating your RAM speed is CL timing (often CL16) times 2000, then you divide your answer by your MHz (Megahertz) speed, and come up with a number, that number, whatever it may be, is your latency measured in Nanoseconds, and the lower the lower it is, the better it is.

DDR/GDDR/HBM


To be continued...

Birthday
April 8
Location
Iowa (US)
System Specs
Yes
Motherboard
4 x 4 16 gig kit of DDR3 1600 MHz
Processor
Core i5-4570 3.2 Ghz
Memory
4 x 4 16 gig kit of DDR3 1600 MHz
Video Card(s)
Intel HD 4600 graphics
Hard Drive(s)
WD generic HDD
Case
HP elitedesk 800 G1 case
Power Supply
HP proprietary PSU
Monitor
HP Compaq LA2205wg
Operating System
Windows and Linux mint cinnamon

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